(AmE) jail , prison and lockup are no synonyms

  • By Koop Tissingh

In Amerika zijn jail , prison en lockup geen synoniemen
(AmE) jail betreft een detentie-inrichting voor (1) gearresteerden die in afwachting zijn van hun berechting (a presentence facility), en (2) voor hen die wegens een minder ernstig feit (misdemeanor) zijn veroordeeld (kortgestraften, meestal tot maximaal 2 jaar cel).

Afhankelijk van de context moet (AmE) ‘jail’ dus vertaald worden als
(1) ‘huis van bewaring’
(2) ‘gevangenis’ (voor kort gestraften/plegers van misdrijven)

(AmE) prison (ook: penitentiary, pen) is een gevangenis voor hen die tot een langere gevangenisstraf (meestal vanaf 2 jaar) zijn veroordeeld wegens een zwaarder vergrijp/misdaad ( ‘felony’).

(AmE) lockup = arrestantencel, politiecel. Het betreft een cel (holding cell) die kan worden gebruikt omdat er tijdelijk geen mogelijkheid is om een arrestant naar een ‘jail’ over te brengen.

Zinnen die lastig vertaalbaar zijn
Because of his DWI, they’d send him to jail this time. Since the boy had been injured and he’d fled the scene of the accident, he could easily be facing prison in lieu of a jail sentence.  (Nancy Taylor Rosenberg, Buried Evidence, chapter 5)
Stealing a bottle of milk would be classified as a misdemeanor theft, and people don’t go to prison for theft. They can go to jail, but they can’t be sentenced to prison. (Nancy Taylor Rosenberg, Buried Evidence, chapter 21)
In jail he could survive, but not in prison. He knew what would happen to him there. (Nancy Taylor Rosenberg, Mitigating Circumstances, chapter 2)
“The cops arrested him for single possession, but he had enough coke on him to classify it as possession for sale. Your brother’s facing a prison sentence, not a jail sentence.” (Nancy Taylor Rosenberg, Trial by Fire, chapter  9)

Tot slot het Britse ‘gaol’
(BrE) gaol/jail geldt  als synoniem van (BrE) prison. De voorkeurspelling is ‘jail’. De spelling  ‘gaol’ beperkt zich voornamelijk tot juridische geschriften en wetboeken.

Zie ook de notes bij de terminologielijsten (law, note 32)

  1. Glenn on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Whereabouts in are you from? generic name for benicar The CSeries touched down at 12:23 p.m. EDT (1623 GMT) at anairfield beside Bombardier’s factory, about 2-1/2 hours aftertaking off. With the new jet, the Montreal-based plane and trainmaker is attempting to break into the hyper-competitive largeraircraft segment currently dominated by Boeing Co andAirbus.

  2. Benton on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Where do you live? reviews for bactrim The product labeling claims that Craze contains several organic compounds, known as phenylethylamines. However, phenylethylamines are a very broad category of chemicals which range from harmless compounds found in chocolate to synthetically produced illegal drugs.

  3. Billy on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I came here to study buy non generic viagra online “The combination of these services supports both our long-term technology strategy and the immediate needs of our employees and residents,” Vijay Sammeta, San Jose chief information officer, said in a statement.

  4. Wilmer on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I’d like to take the job amantadine symmetrel “What makes the NFL look especially bad in this case is the sense that the only reason they suspended Ray Rice indefinitely was to save face, rather than to actually address or punish the problem at hand,” said Boston College Associate Professor of Marketing Adam Brasel.

  5. Young on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Sorry, you must have the wrong number adjuvant meclizine SAN FRANCISCO/TOKYO – Sony Corp’s PlayStation Network isback online following a cyber attack that took it down over theweekend, which coincided with a bomb scare on a commercialflight carrying a top Sony executive in the United States.(SONY-NETWORK/ (UPDATE 2), moved, by Malathi Nayak, SophieKnight, 440 words)

  6. Lillian on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Do you play any instruments? buy synthroid from canada The dollar languished at seven-week lows against other major currencies due to the uncertainty over when the Fed could begin to cut back on the $85 billion it spends each month buying bonds to boost the economy.

  7. Deshawn on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    An estate agents comprar imuran 50 mg In an unforgiving economy where every dollar counts, the University’s cost of attendance is the exception to the sticker-shock tuition prevalent today

  8. Jerrod on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    How would you like the money? exelon patch 10 price Mr Mugabe dismissed claims by Morgan Tsvangirai, his MDC rival who wants to unseat him from his 33-year grip on power, that he would seek to win another five-year term by rigging the elections.

  9. Sanford on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I’d like to transfer some money to this account elavil for ic reviews
    From May 23 to June 30, Lafley earned $1.94 million. He tookhome an additional $94,000 for consulting work during the yearbefore he came back as CEO, bringing his total compensation tonearly $2.04 million, P&G said.

  10. Harvey on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    What qualifications have you got? glucophage 500 mg inhouse drugstore biz “We’ve passed four appropriations bills already this year with Republican votes. We’re confident if there was more time this week, we’d make this our fifth,” said Mike Long, a spokesman for Representative Kevin McCarthy, the third-ranking House Republican.

  11. Delmar on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Stolen credit card can i try viagra for fun * Shares of Tesla Motors Inc jumped 14 percent to$153 in premarket trading a day after the electric car makerposted an unexpected quarterly profit. The stock has been amajor momentum favorite this year, up almost 300 percent in2013.

  12. Nathanael on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Nice to meet you himcolin cream himalaya Analysts warn of a dangerous downward cycle: Perceptions of government as dysfunctional and politics as corrupt keep getting worse. That convinces some of the nation’s ablest people, especially those just starting out, that they don’t want to run for office or work for the government at any level. As a result, government and politics are likely to work even less well — presumably prompting perceptions to fall further.

  13. Quentin on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Remove card cialis and avodart But it could also revive street protests by Putin’s opponents and human rights activists over what they see as a clampdown on dissent since the 61-year-old president started a six-year third term in 2012.

  14. Kennith on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    On another call cipro 500 mg espanol The Employees Provident Fund (EPF), the world’ssixth-largest pension pool with about $160 billion in assets,has been expanding its foreign portfolio as it seeks to maintainhigh dividends for Malaysian savers in the face of limitedopportunities in the small Southeast Asian nation.

  15. Jesse on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Looking for a job isotretinoin for acne cost Amos also asked all 15 three-star generals in the Marines, all male, to read Sandberg’s book ahead of a meeting with her at the Pentagon.

  16. Nicole on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Do you play any instruments? robaxin 500 mg oral tablet “At the time these contested communications occurred,Deutsche Bank had not implemented clear rules or controls toensure a strict separation between submitters and derivativestraders,” the judge said.

  17. Charles on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I’m sorry, I’m not interested ordering clomid canada The recent share listings have seen mixed results so far. Royal Mail shares have gained more than 50% since they started trading earlier this month. Foxtons shares are up 32% in a few weeks. But shares in U.K. insurance company Esure Group PLC are now trading about 20% lower than their March IPO price, having dropped sharply after posting its first-half results in August.

  18. Lily on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Which team do you support? will nolvadex get rid of gynecomastia The idea of unblocking websites in the FTZ was to makeforeigners “feel like at home”, the South China Morning Postquoted a government source as saying. “If they can’t get ontoFacebook or read The New York Times, they may naturally wonderhow special the free-trade zone is compared with the rest ofChina,” the source said.

  19. Columbus on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    How many days will it take for the cheque to clear? rosuvastatin calcium generic canada The recent announcements of support follows the early-July C-Span interview  in which Rep. Bob Goodlatte, R-Va., said he could see allowing temporary legal status to the undocumented, and later allowing them to apply for green cards and U.S. citizenship.

  20. Earle on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I can’t get a signal monthly cost of celexa “It was not a good road trip, and we need to turn things around when we get home,” Girardi said. “We’re going to see a very good team in Detroit that’s playing well, but we need to turn things around.”

  21. Delmer on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    It’s a bad line valproic acid price philippines
    The international jury that punished Oracle in the biggest cheating scandal in Cup history also expelled Kostecki’s brother-in-law, first-choice Oracle wing trimmer Dirk de Ridder for making illegal boat alterations.

  22. Vincenzo on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Have you got any experience? lasix injection price But prices of systems have fallen to $20,000-$30,000 for a typical home, equivalent to the price of a car. This has made ownership more feasible and reduced the number of years it can take for a system to pay for itself through lower power bills.

  23. Reyes on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Very funny pictures generic viagra in stores The deal with privately held Pannar Seed Ltd, a 55-year-oldseed company, should provide immediate financial gain to DuPont,with new products expected to be on the market in August andSeptember, according to Paul Schickler, president of DuPontPioneer, DuPont’s agricultural seed unit.

  24. Hobert on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Directory enquiries risperidone price uk “Now the diocese is saying, ‘Our priests raped your kids, we’ve ruined your families, we stole your faith, but because we’re financially savvy, we’ve moved our assets. I’m sorry victims – you don’t get any,'” Manly said.

  25. Theron on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I’d like to pay this cheque in, please metformin reddit The Belt’s comedic proving ground, directors Mevlut Akkaya and Ron Frank point out (though they’re hardly the first), was massively influential. The film gasses on a bit about comedy’s TV heyday and the religious, psychological and anthropological roots of the guffaw, with host Robert Klein (always welcome) reciting the obvious. But hang in there; funny is funny. Hey, if it walks like a duck and acts like a duck . . .

  26. Lisaexoli on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    amitriptyline cream cost

  27. Melissa on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I want to make a withdrawal side effect of caverta 100 mg “So we are still observing the market, so when the marketbecomes stable, then we will decide on how to deal with thisproposed bond issue. Obviously we are not in desperate need ofcash in the short term.”

  28. Fermin on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I’m training to be an engineer going off geodon cold turkey In March, Mr Wilson told investors that he planned to cut Aviva’s dividend by 44pc as part of his plan to turn around the troubled insurer. Questor was disappointed at the time, as hopes had been high that the payment could be maintained.

  29. August on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Could I have an application form? is viagra sold over the counter in canada “I know for a fact that the movie is less violent than thefirst movie,” Wadlow said. “It’s a much more intimate style ofviolence, more about hand-to-hand, which was by choice, becausethe movie’s about the superheroes movement spreading so I wantedto show how normal people fight.”

  30. Damon on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Which team do you support? caravans for sale in north wales uk “I think Hamas should be worried. Hamas lost an ally in the form of President Morsi who perceived Hamas as a legitimate organisation fighting for the Palestinian cause from his perspective,” says Omar Ashour, a lecturer at the UK's Exeter University who is Egyptian and an expert on Islamist groups.

  31. Goodsam on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    An envelope tretinoin 0.025 cream Bao told the court earlier in the trial that the bullet pierced Martin’s heart and would have instantly incapacitated Martin, disputing a key assertion from Zimmerman that the teen sat up and said “You got me” after he was shot.

  32. Caden on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    We work together benemid prescribing information The photo, taken by Patrick Demarchelier, is inspired by Richard Avedon’s 1981 Vogue portrait of Nastassja Kinski

  33. Flyman on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Some First Class stamps nizagara avis Around the same time, Yu started working with Soni, who used to be at Highland Capital Partners before starting a European seed-stage fund. They clicked on a trip to Antarctica and then started collaborating during the Startup Chile program.

  34. Herman on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Very funny pictures taking yourself off abilify “From an initial investigation, the train was traveling under its limit, but the tracks at that stretch were old and in poor condition. The last carriage, therefore, skidded and brought down other cars,” Prapas told The Associated Press on the phone.

  35. Rusty on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    We’d like to offer you the job buy kamagra in australia Shares of the U.S. rare earths company rose after a Chineseofficial newspaper said China, the world’s top producer andexporter of rare earths, plans to buy 10,000 tonnes of rareearths from local producers to add to stockpiles built up by thecountry’s State Reserves Bureau.

  36. Samual on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Have you read any good books lately? flonase otc cost Vodafone, which this month agreed the sale of its stake inU.S. operator Verizon Wireless for $130 billion, wants to buyKabel Deutschland to offer more television and fixed-lineservices in Germany, its largest European mobile market.

  37. Danial on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Could I take your name and number, please? zoloft with wellbutrin reviews
    Health issues are an area of personal interest for Google co-founders Page and Sergey Brin. In May, Page announced that he had a rare nerve disease that limited the movement of his vocal cords and briefly sidelined him from public speaking. He also said he had been diagnosed with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, a thyroid inflammatory condition he said gives him no trouble.

  38. SamuelHog on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    sildenafil citrate generic viagra 100mg viagra pills
    http://sildenafilst.org/# sildenafil generic

  39. Dylan on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I’d like to open a business account where to buy alli diet pills in canada The suggestion that Mr Salmond is out of touch with Scotland was buttressed by another part of the survey, conducted between February and May, finding only 26 per cent of voters back independence compared to 65 per cent who were opposed.

  40. Calvin on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I hate shopping dapoxetine hydrochloride price 12. Calls upon all Member States to inspect, in accordance with their national authorities and legislation and consistent with international law, in particular the law of the sea and relevant international civil aviation agreements, all cargo to and from Syria, in their territory, including seaports and airports, if the State concerned has information that provides reasonable grounds to believe the cargo contains items the supply, sale, transfer, or export of which is prohibited by paragraphs 5 of this resolution;

  41. Amber on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I’d like to take the job buy doxycycline in kenya Mr Couzins, who undertook the walks mainly at weekends and alone, said it was “fantastic to get away from the tourist hot spots and get to know the Peaks in all their splendour and diversity, and in different conditions”.

  42. Michelle on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    Why did you come to ? motilium price We’re told that Kris and Us Weekly have hammered out a deal in which Us gets all the big Kardashian/Jenner exclusives and prints positive stories in return. “When Kim was snapped pregnant in a bikini in Greece, Kris made the photo agency sell Us the exclusives. She controls Us, and they’ve made millions over the years in deals with them.”

  43. Hunter on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I’m afraid that number’s ex-directory cialis en pharmacie “It’s a pretty serious development for New Zealand given howimportant dairy is. But what usually happens with these foodquality issues is that as details come out, people tend to feelmore reassured,” said Chris Tennent-Brown, FX economist atCommonwealth Bank in Sydney.

  44. Darell on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I’d like to cancel this standing order buy generic clomid online
    This week, a Boston federal judge denied a request by HearstTelevision Inc’s local station, WCVB-TV, that Aereobe prevented from providing WCVB programs to subscribers whilethe lawsuit there is pending.

  45. Dante on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    What university do you go to? clindamycin 1 gel cost Cespedes beat Bryce Harper 9-8 in the final round at reconfigured Citi Field, hitting the decisive drive with five swings to spare. The outfielder from Cuba flipped his bat aside and raised his left arm in triumph when he sent his 32nd homer of the night some 455 feet to center field, where it caromed off the back wall of the black batter’s eye.

  46. Ernest on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    I like watching TV buy herbal viagra viagra Any loose remark can be picked over and magnified, she said. On the day she won, for instance, she said it might have been a mistake to call then U.S. President Bill Clinton a “weenie” for failing to sign up to the landmine treaty.

  47. Evelyn on Sunday July 12th, 2020

    It’s OK artane bipolar disorder Domestic demand, boosted by increasing public works and consumer spending, has largely driven Japan’s recovery from recession last year, but signs of weakening exports may mean Japan having to rely even more on domestic demand to continue growing.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.