Longman English Business Dictionary             (>>> commerce voca)       (>>> general menu)

Many of the following words may also be looked up in the online version of the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English :

 

Different British (BrE) and American (AmE) business terms with same meaning:

BrE AmE Ned.

A

credit/current/cheque account

instant access account

profit-and-loss account

accountancy

Generally Accepted

   Accounting Principles, GAAP

chartered accountant

industrial action

advert

classified advert, small ad*

advice of delivery

commercial agency

estate agency

estate agent, house agent

Annual General Meeting, AGM

all-in

car allowance

sum assured

credit appraisal

flat

originating application

valuer

sales area

articles of association (cf)

as at

chargeable asset, fixed asset*

shop/sales assistant

assurer / the (life) assured, etc.

at call, on call

cash dispenser, ATM*

Audit Bureau of Circulation

dues checkoff*

car*

 

charge account

demand account

income statement

(meestal:) accounting*

(cf.) International Financial

     Reporting Standards, IFRS

certified public accountant, CPA

job action

ad*

want ad

delivery information

credit agency

real estate agency

real estate agent/broker, realtor

annual meeting

all-inclusive*

auto-expense allowance

face amount

credit analysis

apartment

originating summons

appraiser

sales territory

articles of incorporation (cf)

as of

capital asset

sales clerk

insurer / the (life) insured, etc.

on demand

cashpoint, cash machine*

Audit Bureau of Circulations

automatic checkoff

automobile

 

B

backhander

adverse balance

(bank)note

dormitory

(on) benefit

incapacity benefit (since 1995)

bent

bill

bn

black

form

chairman of the board

box wagon

branch

house brand*, own brand*

stony broke

broking house

broking fees

notice board

 

bribe*

negative balance

(bank) bill

bedroom (community)

(on) welfare

disability benefit (?)

crooked

check

bil.

boycott*

blank

president

box car

local

store brand

flat broke

brokerage house*

brokerage fees*

bulletin board

 

C

canteen

diary

reverse the charges

caller display

preference capital

careers officer, careers advisor

car pool

contract carrier

casual worker (= a casual)

business advice centre

call centre

exhibition centre

practising certificate

certificate of posting

bar chart

tick (verb)

tick box

chemist

crossed cheque

bank cheque, banker's cheque

classification society

(also:) coasting ship/vessel

comms, comms package

property company*

competence

complainant

completion

Consumers' Association

haulage contractor

stock/materials* control

commercial counsellor

counterfoil, (cheque stub)

 

cafetaria

calendar

call sb. collect

caller ID*

preferred capital

career counselor

motor pool

public carrier*

temporary worker (= a temp)

business development center

customer service center

civic center

practising license

registered mail receipt

bar graph

check

checkbox

drugstore

third-party check

bank check

classification authority

coaster*

communications software*

real estate company

jurisdiction*

plaintiff*

closing

Consumers' Union

contract carrier

inventory control

trade representative*

check stub

 

D-E

advice of delivery

degearing

dependant

night safe

property*/housing development

directory enquiries

share/scrip dividend

dividend warrant

docker

(on the) dole

downmarket*

subscription

engaged

stamped addressed envelope

     (= sae)

industrial estate

trading estate

ex-directory

exhibition*

expectation of life

(ook:) travelling expense

 

delivery confirmation/receipt

deleverage*

dependent

night deposit

real-estate development

directory assistance

stock dividend

dividend check

longshoreman, stevedore

(on) welfare

downscale

dues*

busy

self-addressed stamped envelope

     (= sase)

industrial park

business park

unlisted

exhibit

life expectancy*

travel expense*

 

F-H

single fare/ticket

return fare/ticket

market garden

filing cabinet*

fixtures and fittings (f&f)

flexitime

fork sth out*, shell sth out*

(ook:) fully fledged

unit trust, (authorised fund)

(ook:) tracker fund

gearing

gift token

hit/strike gold

consumer durables*

go-slow

to hand

haulage

haulier

highly geared

high-up(s)

hire (verb)

hire (noun)

recruit

hire purchase

hoarding

bank holiday, public holiday

holiday

 

one-way fare/ticket

round-trip fare/ticket

truck farm

(ook:) file cabinet

fixtures

flextime

(ook:) fork sth over

full-fledged*

mutual fund, (authorized fund)

index fund

leverage*

gift certificate, gift voucher

strike paydirt

hard goods

slow-down

on hand

hauling

hauler

highly leveraged*

higher-up(s)

rent

rental

hire

installment plan

billboard

national holiday

vacation

 

I-J

in-tray

corporation tax

incoming* (flights, etc.)

directory enquiries

interim injunction

interlocutory injunction

(perpetual injunction)

industrial injury*

motor/car insurance

buildings and contents insurance,

   household insurance

mortgage protection insurance

Inland Revenue

stock

opening stock

property investment*

(ook:) scrip issue,

      (capitalisation issue)

 

in-basket, in-box*

coprorate income tax

inbound

information

preliminary injunction

(temporary injunction)

(permanent injunction)

work-related injury

auto(mobile) insurance

homeowner's insurance

---------------

mortgage insurance

Internal Revenue Service, IRS

inventory

beginning inventory

(ook:) real estate investment

bonus issue*,

    (capitalization issue)

 

L-M

sweated labour

quantum leap

covering letter

(ook:) headed paper

in the light of

second mortgage*

property loan*

lend sth to sb*

lodge (a complaint/appeal, etc.

(ook:) lodg(e)ment

franking machine, postage meter

business reply service

recorded delivery

registered post, special delivery

postbox

postal packet

(ook:) mailshot

property manager*

Managing Director, MD

(ook:) stock exchange

expert*

founder member

mouse mat

multiple shop/store

 

sweat labor

quantum jump

cover letter

letterhead ("print it on letterhead")

in light of*

(ook:) remortgage, home equity loan

(ook:) real estate loan

(ook:) loan sth to sb

file

deposit*

(postal) cancelation machine

business reply mail (BRM)

certified mail

registered mail

mailbox

mailer

mailing*

(ook:) real estate manager

Chief Executive Officer, CEO

stock market*, stockmarket*

(ook:) maven

charter member

mouse pad

chain store*

 

N-O

non-profit, non profit making

credit note

debit note

notice board

(ook:) (be) on oath

or nearest offer, ONO

Land Registry

off-the-peg

(at call)

(ook:) one-off

tour operator

gagging order

off sick

out of order

(ook:) out

branch*

outturn

out-tray

oversupply*

(ook:) overgeared

owing

own-brand

 

not-for-profit

credit receipt

debit receipt

bulletin board

(be) under oath

or best offer, o.b.o.

land office

off-the-rack

on demand, (on call)

one-time*

travel agency

gag order

out, out sick

out

on strike*

outpost

actuals*

out-basket

overage

overborrowed*, overleveraged

outstanding

own label, store label, private label

 

P

pay rise

pension contributions*

postage &packaging,

    p and p, p & p

sachet*

consumer panel

listing paper

legal executive

(in) part-exchange

sleeping partner

pass-through

custom

holiday pay

wage packet, pay packet

creditors

paying-in book/slip

pen pusher

pension (plan)*

planning permission,

      permission to build

picket*

mobile phone*

plaint

trading (floor)*

mortgage protection policy

reply-paid

postal order, PO

poste restante

post-free

used*, second-hand*

all-in price

asking price*

basic price*

recommended retail price,

     RRP

retail price*

list price, catalogue price

bad debt provision

pubn

 

pay raise

(ook:) retirement contributions

postage and handling,

    p. and h., p. & h.

packet (of tomato sauce, etc.)

focus group

continuous paper

paralegal

trade-in

silent partner*

pass-along

patronage

vacation pay

paycheck, pay envelope

accounts payable

deposit book/slip

pencil pusher

retirement plan

building permit,

     construction permit

(ook:) picketer

cell(ular) phone

complaint

pit

mortgage policy

postage paid

money order

general delivery

post-paid

(ook:) pre-owned

package price

(ook:) asked price

(ook:) base price

suggested retail price,

   manufacturer's recommended price

(ook:) street price

catalog price, sticker price

bad debt reserves

pub.

 

Q-R

Quality of Working Life

dole queue

queue

railway

capital (adequacy) ratio

property

estate agent

redirect

referee

DIY

(ook:) book

ring (verb) / give sb a ring /

ring sb back / ring in sick /

ring round / ring sb up

ring off

CV

 

Quality of Work Life

unemployment line

line

railroad

solvency ratio

real estate, real property, realty

Realtor, real estate agent/broker

forward*

reference

home repair (store, etc.)

reserve*

phone*/call / give sb a call /

call/phone sb back / call in sick /

call round / call sb up (phone sb up*)

hang up*

résumé

 

S

night safe

(ook:) sack

on offer

shop assistant

(ook:) commercial traveller

(ook:) sale or return

building society

---------------

(ook:) pay spine

tout

pension scheme

company/chartered secretary

(cf) Financial Services Authority

-------------

self-managed (team, etc.)

(ook:) settling day

ordinary share*

(ook:) quoted share

(ook:) unquoted share

shopping trolley

shop-soiled

throw a sickie

receipt*

social security (benefits)

credit society, credit co-operative,

   savings and credit co-operative

shareholder*

(cf) statute barred

             (for civil cases)

profit-and-loss account

source and application of

       funds statement

shorthand writer*

shorthand*

share capital*

stocktaking

stop a cheque

(ook:) stoppages, deductions*

sub

subeditor*

subscription

witness summons

(ook:) superannuation

(ook:) swop

 

night depository

fire*

on sale

sales clerk

travel(l)ing salesman*

on consignment*

Savings and Loan Association, S&L,  

     thrift

salary/pay scale*

scalp

pension plan*

(ook:) corporate secretary

(cf) Securities and Exchange

    Commission

self-directed (team, etc.)

settlement date*

common share*

listed share*

unlisted share*

shopping cart

shopworn

pull a sickie

(ook:) sales slip

welfare

credit union

-----------

(ook:) stockholder

(cf) statute of limitations

         (also for criminal cases)

income/operating statement

sources and applications of funds

     statement

stenographer*, steno

stenography*, steno

capital stock

inventory

stop payment on a check

(ook:) withholding tax

advance

copy editor

dues (for/to)

subpoena

pension*

swap*

 

T

inheritance/death/estate tax

property tax*

National Insurance

(ook:) telephonist

cashier

throw good money after bad,

    throw money down the drain

timber

short ton*, American ton

long ton*

Patent Office

dealing

after-hours dealing

over-the-counter dealing

(cf) Financial Services Act

       Markets Act

trading desk*

tuition fee

turnover

 

estate tax

real estate tax

(cf) Social Security tax

telephone operator

teller

throw money down a rat hole

----------------

lumber

net ton, short ton*

British ton

Patent and Trademark Office

trading*

after-hours/off-hours trading

over-the-counter trading

(cf) Insiders Trading Sanctions Act

---------

trading post

tuition

sales

 

U-Z

credit society

trade(s) union

upmarket*

annual value

      (tot 1990: rateable value)

exemption

vet

v, (versus)

dividend warrant

(ook:) weighbridge

(ook:) weighting

work in progress, WIP

working to rule

working day

working week

(ook:) working party

photocopy*

Yuppie* (= young urban prof.)

financial year*

postcode

 

credit union

labor union

upscale

assured value

------------

variance ("grant a variance")

screen

vs.

dividend check

scale(s)*

cost of living allowance

work in process, WIP

working to contract

workday

workweek

working group*

(ook:) Xerox

(ook:) YAP (= young aspiring prof.)

fiscal year

zip code

 

Same British (BrE) and American (AmE) term with different meanings:

  BrE AmE

A

aftermarket

commercial agency

business agent

commercial agent

face amount

appraiser

as of

Dutch auction

   

B

bailiff

bankrupt

the bar (legal)

blank (noun)

make a bomb / cost a bomb

log book

watching brief

bursary

   

C

green card

carpet bagger

carpool

carrying charge

cahttels real

trust comapny

compensation

employee compensation

coppers

corporation

council

counsel

soft currency

curriculum vitae

custodian

   

D-E

daily (newspaper)

debenture

depot

property development

diary

docket

dun

employee profit-sharing

   

G-J

gallon dry goods

goods

graduate

gratuity

health warning

bank holiday

income tax

induction

tender issue, issue by tender

jobber

juggernaut

justice(s)

   

L-O

landlocked

floor limit

maildrop

mart

merchandiser

merchandising

misdemeano(u)r

NIC

out

outfitter

out-of-town

outturn

overrun

   

P-R

pass-through

standard fire policy

porter

precinct

protest (verb)

publisher

quart

rental

reorganization

reserves

review

   

S-Z

valet service

social security

on the table

table (verb)

capital gains tax

withholding tax

truck

tuition

utility/utilities

vacation

weighting

   

Specifically British (BrE) business terms:

A

appropriation account, notice account, certified accountant, Accounting Standards Board, secondary action, additionality, admin, (in/into) administration, Annual General Meeting (AGM), job seeker's allowance, income tax allowance, writing-down allowance, Annual Abstract of Statistics, assisted area, (pay) in arrears, standard spending assessment, housing association

B

idle balance, clearing bank, eligible bank, High Street bank, barrirster, maternity benefit, sickness benefit, state benefit, welfare benefit, benefit club, betterment, cabinet bid, eligible bill, blackleg, Blue Book, statutory book, business reply service

C

callable fixture, capital adequacy, carriage forward (= carr fwd), carriage free, carriage inwards/outwards (> accounting), carriage paid home, catch a cold, catch sb by surprise / catch sb off guard, job centre, charge certificate, Chancellor of the Exchequer, service charge (bedieningsgeld in restaurant, etc), bareboat charter / demise charter, on the cheap, City desk, claw sth back, articled clerk, at the coalface, sort code, (tax) code / code number, coin money, coin it in, Takeover Code, collier, colliery, combination (of companies), commercials (= commercial shares), Commissioners for Revenue and Customs, Committee of Public Accounts, public limited company (PLC), registered company, statutory company, unit trust company, company limited by shares, compilation (> accounting), Comptroller and Auditor General, compulsory purchase/acquisition, Consols (= consolidated stock), contract (builders/electricians/etc), contract in/out, conurbation, co-operative (= co-operative society), housing co-operative, coppers (> finance), knocking copy, (business) correspondent, costing, trade counter, sandwich court, Admiralty Court, county court, Crown Court, High Court, mercantile court, cowboy (> business), in credit (= in the black)

D

balance date, day release, declaration of association, declaration of compliance, declaration of means, deed of arrangement, deed of covenant, crown jewels defence, recorded delivery, public deposits, delapidations, direct debit, Director-General of Fair Trading, Director of Public Prosecutions, industrial dispute, dividend cover, dogsbody, dosh, exposure draft

E

(a nice little) earner , effects not cleared / uncleared effects, Extraordinary General Meeting (EGM), exchange contracts, the Excise

F

farm sth out, (raise) finance, financial Services Authority, Ltd, fitter, fast moving consumer goods (FMCG), foolscap (paper)

G

gateway (> law), gazump, gazunder, giro, golden handshake, governor (bestuurslid van school, etc.), capital grant

H

Home Income Plan (HIP), hire sth/sb out, hive sth off, hole-in-the-wall, honours (degree) / Hons / hons, hot-desking, accepting house / accepatnce house, discount house, fiannce house, hypermarket

I

producer price index, Retail Price Index (RPI), Consumer Price Index (CPI), criminal injury, insolvency practitioner, inspector of taxes, statutory instrument, comprehensive insurance, industrial injuries insurance, national insurance (NI), third party, fire and theft insurance, tax invoice

J

jobs for the boys, default judg(e)ment / judg(e)ment by default, office junior

K

Kitemark

L

leaflet drop, building lease, delegated legislation, let out, letters of administration, letting, livery, (bank) overdraft, lolly, be paid on the lump, lump labour, (in/into) liquidation

M

maladministration (wanbeheer, wanbestuur), statutory meeting, memorandum of association, merchanting, mental bashing, milkround, Minister (Kabinetslid), mobile (> mobile phone), idle money, caution money, key money, module (> education/training/courses), equitable mortgage, repayment mortgage, unsocial hours

N

on the nail (boter bij de vis), cover note

O

pay/charge over the odds, registered office, sorting office, opening hours (shop/etc.), on target earnings (OTE), outwork, outworker

P

sth costs a packet, pack up (> a machine, etc: het begeven, er de brui aan geven), remuneration/pay/salary package, parcel sth up, passenger (in a company), pay and file, pay as you earn (PAYE), social security payment, stakeholder pension, State Second Pension, top-up pension, pensioner, Personal Equity Plan (PEP), deferment period, permission to deal, pitch (> street trader's pitch), (work) placement, vendor placing, without-profits policy, with-profits policy, freehold possession/property, leasehold possession/property, vacant possession, postbag, postmaster, Premium Bond, pre-vet, benefit principle, go private, profits warning  (> vooral BrE), registered proprietor, punter, give sb the push

Q

quarter day

R

basic rate, effective rate, standard rate, (official) receiver, reception (receptieruimte van bedrijf/kantoor/etc), graduate recruitment, red-top, redundancy (vooral BrE), redundant (vooral BrE), companies registry, regular (vaste klant), building regulation, mortgage relief, taper relief, remit (a payment) to sb, remortgage (> verb), removal(s) (verhuizing), fair rent, (direct) report (directe ondergeschikte), reskill, restrictive practices, returner (herintreder), owner's risk, earnings rule

S

get/give the sack, closing-down sale, the sales, conditional sale, sale(s)room, save as you earn (SAYE), scheme, contributory pension scheme, final salary pension scheme, non-ocntributory pension scheme, state earnings-related pension scheme (SERPS), scheme of arrangement, second (detacheren), gilt-edged security, security of tenure, seed (capital/money/financing) (= startkapitaal/etc.), sell up, Serious Fraud Office (SFO), penny share, back shift, bucket shop, corner shop, factory shop, mobile shop, shopfitter, short/time working, sick note, sign on (at a job centre), Situations Vacant, Situautions Wanted, skint, pay slip, small and medium enterprise (SME), small holding, be a snip, co-operative society, speciality (> adjective), squat (kraakpand), revenue stamp, stag (> noun), stag (an issue), CAT standard, Trading Standards, completion statement, Statement of Principles, sting sb for sth, consols / consolidated stock, Exchequer stock, tap stock, stockist, stop-go (policy/approach/etc), lightning strike, strike sb off / be struck off (royeren), secondary action, sub sb some money (voorschieten), do your sums, originating summons, super (= superintendent), repayment supplement, fixed instalment system, imputation system

T

tamper-evident (package/container/etc), corporation tax, council tax, road tax, unitary tax, tax (a car/motorcycle), temp (> verb), tenner, on tick, tick over, comp time, defective title, registered title, book token, top sth up, top-up, tout for business/custom/trade, trade description, Trade Descriptions Act, passing trade, administrative tribunal, trustee for sale, trust for sale

V

net annual value, goods vehicle, heavy goods vehicle (HGV), large goods vehicle (LGV), public service vehicle (PSV), block vote

W

welfare-to-work, wind sth up, work-shy, write off (a vehicle/etc)

Specifically American (AmE) business terms:

A

custodial account, individual retirement account, negotiable order of withdrawal account (NOW account), certified management accountant (CMA) ,Active Corps of Executives (ACE), Ad Alley, cost of living adjustment (COLA), administration (Ned. 'regering'), bargaining agent, fair trade agreement, voluntary restraint agreement, Alternative Investment Market (AIM), antitrust, arbitrageur, wilderness area, district attorney, attorney-at-law, attorney general, absolute auction

B

bait-and-switch, compensating balance, Export-Import Bank (Eximbank), state bank, stock savings bank, batch, Beige Book, bet the farm/ranch, Better Busines Bureau (BBB), due bill, past due bill, Blue Cross, Blue Shield, baby bond, plat book, boondoggle, bracket creep, (top) brass, buck, credit bureau, move-up buyer

C

toll call, vault cash, cash up, cash out, money center, delinquent tax certificate, chapter (lokale afdeling), check kiting, cheerleader, float a check, grandfather clause, commerce clause, (hotel) clerk, close sth out, closed-end (fund/trust), closely held (company), close company, closed company, closeout, Internal Revenue Code, call/phone sb. collect, creditors' committee, political action committee (PAC), small business investment company, stock company, comparable worth, Comptroller General, Comptroller of the Currency, concession (= small shop), concession (> finance), condominium (condo), conservator (> law), labor contract, de facto corporation, district court, family court, federal court, state court, Supreme Court, cramdown, investment tax credit

D

drop-dead date, (credit) dating, deadbeat, deadhead, standard deduction (> tax), deed of trust, Pacman defense, deductible (eigen risico, inhouding op salaris t.b.v. sociale verzekeringen), dehiring, delinquency, delinquent, bank trust department, detail person, diner, alternate director, discount window, dividend reinvestment plan, dividend roll, downtown, drive-through (restaurant, etc.), drive-up window, duplex

E

on easy street, expressage

F

coach fare, fall guy, labor federation, Federal Reserve System, flack/flak, fly (> product), for-profit, full-service

G

gig, goldbrick (> verb), greenback, graph (> verb), gross (> verb), gyp

H

haircut (> finance), confirmation hearing, high-roller, hiring hall, take a hit, homestead, homesteading, hook (a client), be on the hook (for sth), fulfillment house, clean/clear house, huckster

I

local income tax, state income tax, incorporated (Inc.), indict, indictment, infill (> housing), inside track, unemployment insurance, flyback interview

J

bankruptcy judge, have/get a jump on sb

K

Keogh plan, kick sth in, kick sth off, kidvid, presskit

L

blue laws, blue-sky laws, layaway, legal-size, levy (ook: beslaglegging i.v.m. belastingschuld), list at/for $ ..., take the/your lumps

M

make out ("how did you make out?"), makework, (shopping) mall, outlet mall, strip mall, mandate sb to do sth, Medicaid, Medicare, mental health day (baaldag), mini-mart (mini-market), mom-and-pop (business/operation/etc.), fall money, balloon mortgage, munis (= municipal bonds)

N

nail sth down, net (> verb), net (= net profit), net 10/eom (= net 10 days end of month), net 30, north of sth (hoger dan, meer dan), noteholder

O

(ook:) obligate(d), blank check offering, do a land office business, off-price (store/shop/etc.)firts/top order of business, the right to organize, ouster, overnight (> verb), owner-operator

P

compensation package, packet (of documents), parlay (sth into sth), general partnership, callback pay /call-in pay / reporting pay (betaling voor overwerk), pattern agreement/contract/etc, pay down sth, paydown, transfer payment, welfare payment, peg sth as sth, pink-collar (worker), pony sth up ("ophoesten"), pork barrel, popular price, change program, employee/employment assistance program (EAP), employee referral program (ERP), welness program, Propostition (wetsvoorstel per staat), prorate, punch, punch in/out, punitives (= punitive damages)

Q

quarterback, job quota

R

book-to-bill ratio, collection ratio, red-eye, redlining, SEC registration, shelf registration, regular (price, etc), regulatory filing, real estate investment trust (REIT), renter, credit repair (schuldsanering), reserve requirement, retiree, retool (a strategy, etc), rollover (of an investment), rookie, room with sb, rubber chicken circuit

S

scatter (market), (TV) schedule, seize a company, seizure (of a company), self-insure, sell sb on sth, shake sb down, when-issued share/stock, shark repellent, swing shift, hang out your shingle, shoot for sth, shopper (newspaper), shuster, pink slip, Small Business Administration, spiff, spin-off, square sth away, food stamp, stand pat (on), environmental impact statement (EIS), SEC registration statement, stevedoring, stiff (> verb), no-par stock / no-par value stock, classified common stock, stock of record, stock out, convenience store, co-operative store (co-op), dime store, drive-in/drive-up store, general store, Superfund, (ratings) sweeps

T

take (> noun), tax take, take/ take in (an amount of money), in the tank, gift tax, tax defeerred, teamster, telecast, comp time, face time, toll-free, business trust, trust busting, Truth in Lending Act

U

underreported (income), (claim) unemployment, bargaining unit

V

vacated (by a court), vesting (pensioerecht)

W

warehouse club, wide area telephone service (WATS), Ways and Means Committee, wildcat (> verb, adjective), White Pages, white-coat, wire (money), working stiff (loonslaaf)

Z

zero-sum game, zone (> verb)

The above information is under constant review. For comments, please contact: a.e.translations@voicesfromholland.nl