Is de Amerikaanse ‘blackbird’ een merel?
- Door Koop Tissingh
(BrE) blackbird = merel (een solitaire vogel, geheel zwart gekleurd)
(AmE) blackbird = (o.a.) epaulettenspreeuw (vaak wordt de red-winged blackbird bedoeld, een groepsvogel)
Er bestaan meerdere voorbeelden van dieren- en plantennamen die in het Amerikaans-Engels een andere betekenis hebben dan in het Brits-Engels. De bekendste zijn waarschijnlijk corn (BrE: koren / AmE: maïs) en buffalo (BrE: buffel / AmE: bizon). Enkele andere voorbeelden zijn robin, lark, buzzard en elk (BrE: eland / AmE: wapitihert).
Ontstaan van deze verschillen
Deze verschillen zijn ontstaan doordat de vroege Europese kolonisten tot dan toe onbekende dieren- en plantensoortenbestaande dieren- en plantennamen wilden benoemen. Daarvoor gebruikten ze dan de namen van dieren of planten die op de een of andere manier leken op soorten uit de ‘oude wereld’.
Vertalers van Amerikaanse boeken kunnen makkelijk de fout in gaan:
– “I seen the blackbirds a-settin’ on the wires”, said Pa. > “Ik zag de merels op de telegraafdraden zitten”, zei vader. (De Druiven der Gramschap, hfdst 22, vertaald door Alice Snijder, uitgeverij L.J. Veen Klassiek)
– The red-wing blackbirds massed their squadrons and practiced at maneuvering in the fields. > “De roodgevleugelde merels vormden hun esquadrons en oefenden in het manoeuvreren boven de velden.” (Aan een Onbekende God, hfdst 8, vertaald door E.D. Veltman-Boissevain)
Connor op 21/07/19
How do you know each other? domperidone online uk
âItâs no secret many of them would have loved to have had a son or daughter with Simon but now she is carrying his child its caused a lot of Âdisappointment. No one can believe she has snared him like this.â
promaxum cost Dyson also notes that the rise of 3-D printing will lowerthe inventories which companies are forced now to hold on hand.As U.S. goods inventories total about $1.7 trillion, about 10percent of annual GDP, the transition from assembly lines toon-demand 3-D printing will at the very least be a one-off shockto commodities prices.
pharmore pest control The second line of thinking is that the Fed should keep its exit from its bond buying programs simple. According to this view, the Fed has struggled in the past few months to communicate a very complicated set of ideas about monetary policy to investors and its next steps should be as easy to explain as possible to avoid market confusion. So the Fed should reduce its purchases of Treasurys and mortgage-backed securities proportionately in the name of simplicity, this thinking goes.
hydroxyzine pamoate 25 mg abuse Egyptians supporting the military heeded the call. They converged on Tahrir Square and outside the presidential palace Friday afternoon, cheering in support of the military and holding pictures of Al-Sisi.
fulvicin yahoo answers
During the 1950s and 1960s he was a leading member of national Advanced Computer Techniques Project and in 1961 he was Acting International Chairman NATO of Von Karman studies on Man and Machine and Command and Control.
Rudolf op 21/07/19
Will I get paid for overtime? quantum pharmacy solutions With many graduate schemes opening soon, now is the time to start thinking about your C.V and interview technique. Register with your university careers service to avoid missing out on potentially helpful interview advice and tips.
prevacid otc how many mg Hundreds of people signed petitions and giant birthday cards calling on the government to ensure that the NHS continued for another 65 years. Some also shared personal histories of lives saved and lives changed
pharma.one If any team is set up to win two in a row against the Red Sox at Fenway Park this weekend, itâs the Tigers. Detroit lost the two games started in the series by its pair of aces, but Scherzer and Verlander combined to throw 15 innings of two-run ball against the leagueâs highest-scoring team.
medicalletter.org/apps Tuesday’s ruling made permanent the judge’s June 2011 preliminary injunction. It came a day after the two sides filed an agreement with the court stipulating that the state cannot violate Medicaid’s “freedom of choice” provision.
Moncler’s last Gamme Rouge collection, designed byGiambattista Valli, was staged like an Arctic expedition atParis fashion week, featuring mountain climbers ambling downfake-snow covered runways, Siberian huskies in tow.
Mitch op 21/07/19
Insert your card hexatest side effects
Remember Jonathan Lipnicki, the adorable child star who entered the spotlight at age 6 when he famously played Renee Zellweger’s bespectacled son opposite Tom Cruise in the 1996 hit film “Jerry Maguire”? Following the success of “Jerry Maguire,” Lipnicki went on to star in two “Stuart Little” films and “The Little Vampire” before deciding to step away from the lime light and lead a normal teenage life. But now he’s back … and he looks totally different. The former child star has transformed himself into a super buff man and is showing off his super-toned physique in a series of new shirtless photos. With his glasses now gone, the 21-year-old is seen flexing his bulging biceps and six-pack abs while lifting weights and doing pull-ups. Lipnicki also competes in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, according to his website.
nutrabio super carb The scene can get rowdy, but is almost never violent, said Mitch Brown, 53, a local property manager. The bars that night were full but calm, said Hal Coleman, who was tending bar at Pedro’s Cantina. In fact, a lot of the crowd was Dodgers fans, he said. The Dodgers have had a riveting season and are headed to the playoffs.
pro chem anavar 50mg uk The Office for National Statistics has estimated that around 250,000 workers are on such contracts, which allow employers to hire staff with no guarantee of work – but some estimate the total is much higher.
bactrim dosage for uti mg One lawsuit, filed in November, went all the way to the Court of Appeal, which on June 12 rejected Twitter’s attempt to shield the identities of those responsible for posts made last year with the hashtag #unbonjuif (a good Jew).
biotech thermo drine pro frum “The value of 50 percent for the tolerable increase may betoo high or too low; if it is correct, we may burn in total overthe next centuries not much more than 10 percent of the knownfossil fuel reserves,” they said.
Chung op 21/07/19
Have you got any qualifications? thehealthsolution.com Luis Alaez, the investigative judge, was to question the driver in private and was not expected to comment about it afterward. The judge also was to have access to the information contained in the train’s “black box,” which is similar to those found on aircraft, officials said.
“Our son is more of a visual learner, and he struggles in math, mostly because there are so many different concepts they want him to memorize,” she said. “I felt like he was doing all of this memorizing but never understood why he was doing it.
non prescription viagra in usa Lambeth Council approved the 1 billion pound ($1.6 billion) scheme, which is being developed by Qatari Diar and Canary Wharf Group, in May. Construction was due to start at the end of this year, with a completion date of 2019.
prescription drugs to dissolve uric acid stones Creditors must vote by an Oct. 7 deadline, as the officialexit from the bankruptcy will pave the way to a year-end bondsale of about $1.9 billion that is needed to pay off currentsewer debt bondholders at sizable discounts.
non prescription drugs for nervousness
Caroline Kennedy of New York, left, arrives for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing on her nomination for Ambassador to Japan, on Capitol Hill, Thursday, Sept. 19, 2013, in Washington, as Sen. Charles Schumer, D- N.Y., speaks to her at left. Former first daughter Caroline Kennedy said she would be humbled to carry forward her father’s legacy if confirmed by the Senate to be the next U.S. ambassador to Japan. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
Jonah op 21/07/19
I’m only getting an answering machine cephalexin 250 mg tablet âYou canât fight an enemy you donât acknowledge,â Giuliani told the hearing, which was called to examine intelligence breakdowns that might have allowed the Boston bombers to carry out their attack.
SIR – It is understandable that much of the commemorative effort for the centenary of the First World War will focus on the Western Front, where so much blood was shed. However, something needs to be done to ensure the losses suffered by the Royal Navy are also properly remembered.
san antonio pharmacy fontana ca If you take your car abroad more than once a year, the cheapest way is to include European cover in your general breakdown policy. Drive 24-7 offers a year’s worth of general cover including home start and European cover for £59.99 while QDOS sells the same package for £58.50.
The Advantage Fund rose 1.9 percent in August and is now up10 percent for the year, while the Advantage Plus Fund rose 2.8percent and is up 14.4 percent, according to two people familiarwith the numbers but who are not permitted to speak about thempublicly.
u slimming capsules “It’s one thing to go to Occupy meetings and … actions,” he continued. “But to be at the bar at my birthday party, to take his work on a personal level in our social circle, it just really hits you.