Is the American blackbird a ‘merel’?

  • By Koop Tissingh

(BrE) blackbird = merel (a solitary bird, all black)
(AmE) blackbird = (i.a.) epaulettenspreeuw (a group bird, often with extra colours)

There are several examples of animal- and plant-names that have different meanings in American- and British English. The best-known examples  are probably corn (BrE: koren / AmE: maïs) and buffalo (BrE: buffel / AmE: bizon). Some other examples are robin, lark, buzzard and elk (BrE: eland / AmE: wapitihert).

These differences originate from the time when the early European colonists used existing names for as yet unknown species that somehow resembled animals or plants from ‘the old world’ or, in the case of corn, that became the new staple crop for them.

Translators of American books can easily go wrong:
“I seen the blackbirds a-settin’ on the wires”, said Pa. > Ik zag de merels op de telegraafdraden zitten”, zei vader. (De Druiven der Gramschap, chapter 22, translated by Alice Snijder, published by L.J. Veen Klassiek)
The red-wing blackbirds massed their squadrons and practiced at maneuvering in the fields. > “De roodgevleugelde merels vormden hun esquadrons en oefenden in het manoeuvreren boven de velden.” (Aan een Onbekende God, chapter 8, translated by E.D. Veltman-Boissevain)

See notes


  1. Danielle on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    Do you know each other? can you use ibuprofen gel with naproxen
    A sales tax on food and medicine is seen as the best way of taxing the informal sector, as it broadens the number of taxable goods used by all sectors of society, but such a move was a red flag to Mexico’s left-leaning opposition who say it would disproportionately affect the poor.
    buy benzocaine uk paypal Voting on the buyout had been postponed three times asMichael Dell and the company’s board scrambled to garner enough votes. But on Aug. 2, Michael Dell raised his offer price andtacked on a special-dividend sweetener.
    medrol 32 mg tabletta ra Over the week, investors awaited Wednesday’s statement from the Federal Open Market Committee regarding the pace of its $85 billion in monthly purchases of Treasuries and agency mortgages. Investors fear a further rise in interest rates if the Fed cuts its stimulus.
    comprar lovegra en mexico “In response to inquiries, JCPenney said today that it is pleased with its progress so far in the company’s turnaround efforts and the traction its initiatives are starting to achieve,” the company statement said. “Overall, sales on jcp.com continue to trend double digits ahead of last year.”
    how many 200mg ibuprofen does it take to die Detroit held a primary on Tuesday that selected two mayoral candidates who will square off in a general election in November. Whoever wins is likely to take over once Orr leaves. He said both candidates for mayor seem to love the city and want to move forward.

  2. Mikel on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    Do you have any exams coming up? doses of amoxicillin for strep throat
    Byatt thinks the number of entries from Britain, Ireland and the Commonwealth will have to be restricted to avoid overwhelming the judges, and is against the practice of publishing a longlist “because it depresses sales and spirits for any author” not featured.
    para que sirve amoxicillin 500 mg capsule
    “When I did, she just embraced me and said, ‘At least you have a clear conscience. It’s going to be tough in the years to come but you will get over it. By the time you have dealt with your problems, other people will still have theirs’.
    revatio precio en mexico “At some point, big wireless companies made a decision for you that you should have to wait two years to get a new phone for a fair price. That’s 730 days of waiting. 730 days of watching new phones come out that you can’t have. Or having to live with a cracked screen or an outdated camera,” said John Legere, president and chief executive officer of T-Mobile U.S. “We say two years is just too long to wait.”
    pristiq drug side effects Total coal sales in the first six months of the year was1.93 billion tonnes, up 1.8 percent from year ago, data from theCCTD showed. The gain was 1 percentage point lower than in 2012and down 7.6 percentage points from 2011. (Reporting by Fayen Wong; Editing by Muralikumar Anantharaman)
    progene canada
    The new image was sent to Space.com, revealing the comet to be intact, disproving previous theories that the illustrious celestial body might have already started to disintegrate. Since the comet is largely composed of fragile deposits of ice, dust and small rocky particulate, the fear is that ISON will burn up before reaching perihelion, at which point it will be at its closest distance from the sun (730,000 miles).

  3. Jerrold on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    A Second Class stamp does prednisone make your blood pressure rise Staff counted 4,844 elk, including 1130 elk (23%) inside Yellowstone National Park and 3,714 elk (77%) north of the park

  4. Elton on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    What sort of work do you do? precio trental No potential bidders for the manufacturing space have surfaced so far, in part because the global smartphone and tablet PC supply chain is facing overcapacity, the sources said. As a result, HTC is also exploring other options to generate income by using its factories, sources said.
    funcionan las pildoras prosolution The Mets not only went 3-for-13 with runners in scoring position and stranded seven, they also took some costly chances on the basepaths. Byrd tried for an inside-the-park homer in the second, but left fielder Martin Prado made a spectacular throw into second baseman Aaron Hill, whose relay to catcher Wil Nieves just barely beat Byrd at the plate. “I sent him on the conviction that I thought he could make it. I always do,” said Mets third base coach Tim Teufel.
    ashwagandha 5g Morsi supporters were joined by a healthy contingent of people who said they were not there for the ousted president, but instead because they were disgusted at the security services’ brutal repression of supporters of former President Mohamed Morsi two days earlier.
    prezzo pariet 20 mg The improvements will see an additional five southbound services and three extra northbound services between Grantham and London each weekday, increasing the East Coast service from 57 to 65 trains per day. This includes an additional two morning peak services from Grantham to London each weekday, increasing total morning peak service to eight per day.
    amitriptyline hcl 10mg for anxiety The set’s new anchor desk will be on a revolving platform that lets “Today” personalities look out over fans peering in through the street-side window. Al Roker has a new 82-inch touch-screen weather display to play with, there’s a new orange couch and all manner of high-def screens and energy-friendly lights.

  5. Keedlency on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    fui monopoly slots

  6. Charlesexoli on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    zithromaxd6j.com
    website
    website
    more about company
    corporate website
    website
    business headquarters
    business
    business headquarters
    business

  7. Quentin on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    Good crew it’s cool 🙂 aqua lube canada
    Both Webster and Shock say they would support a pathway as long as certain pre-conditions are met, bringing the total to 21 House Republicans in support of a measure to bring the 11 million undocumented out of the shadows and into legal status and citizenship.
    herbal v pink costume The boy’s mother contacted police, who launched an investigation that netted a sex video the couple made at a Holiday Inn Express, as well as taped phone conversations that prosecutors say implicate Cloud.
    prevacid coupon december 2013 It is exactly this property of the snake to get past or over any type of obstacle which makes it the perfect design for any future robot to explore the Martian planet. How there is a lot of obstacles to be crossed before the design of one such snake robot is ready. The snake robot will have to be put through numerous obstacle tests before a final prototype is ready.
    purchase prostate mega7 As the technology delivers almost instant results, it allows “surgeons to carry out procedures with a level of accuracy that hasn’t been possible before”, he adds, noting that they “believe it has the potential to reduce tumor recurrence rates and enable more patients to survive.”
    cymbalta alternativen The government hopes fresh investment will help Mexicoexploit deep-water fields and shale deposits, areas where itlacks expertise. If Mexico cannot step up production, it risksbecoming a net energy importer this decade, the government says.

  8. GriennyCarry on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    rek casino slot pkk sugarhouse casino online

  9. Qfzbexay on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    Bhdfjdfkgdi, steenpuisten, hormonale acne, mee eters verwijderen,

  10. Tony on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    What do you do? japanese xnxx Japan, which holds an upper house election on Sunday, in turn drew criticism for giving little detail on structural reforms billed as the ‘third arrow’ of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s economic turnaround plan, G20 sources said.
    http://www.xvideos Barking and Dagenham Council showed how children aged one, four, seven and nine have been flagged on its database where “the tenant is very abusive”, while a 90-year-old is described as potentially “violent and aggressive”.
    www xvideos com c indian 89
    Meanwhile, Latin and South American countries are also considering pot reform, and the Obama administration's stance on Washington's and Colorado's laws could embolden them, said Ethan Nadelmann, executive director of the New York-based Drug Policy Alliance, which supported Washington's law. Uruguay has already approved plans to license marijuana growers and shops.
    xnxx. com Williamson, 63, of Palmyra, was pronounced dead at York Hospital at about 1:15 p.m. Sunday, the York County coroner’s office said. He had suffered serious injuries in a crash that occurred Saturday night during the United Racing Company 358/360 Sprint Car Challenge.
    xtxxx There are examples of privatised state postal servicesmaking healthy profits. Three from continental Europe, includingGermany’s Deutsche Post, trade in line with thebiggest listed UK companies on a price-to-earnings multiple forthe next 12 months.

  11. Grant on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    I’ve lost my bank card voltaren gel 1 sale The documents El Mundo published look like account ledger sheets that it says are genuine and show what it alleges is Rajoy’s name next to payment amounts. What appear to be the same ledgers were previously — some months back — also published by another leading newspaper, El Pais.
    isosorbide mononitrate pharmacy2us
    “I would imagine that the most critical defects are on theway to correction,” said Rick Howard, a research director attechnology consultant Gartner and an expert on public-sector IT,referring to the small business enrollment delay. “But it’sgoing to be a rough ride.”
    zyflamend canada
    In 2012, Mr Jefferies told the Leveson Inquiry into media ethics that he had been told police had “inadvertently leaked” information about him after he was arrested, which led him to be “shamelessly vilified” by the press.
    purchase trimethoprim uk Whether gold is an effective hedge against inflation is up for debate. Duke business professor Campbell Harvey found that 2,000 years ago, Roman centurions received salaries in gold worth about what similarly ranked U.S. Army officers earn in greenbacks today. Trouble is, except maybe for Mel Brooks, people don’t live 2,000 years.
    prescription viagra australia He’s currently working on the Madonna Rehabilitation Hospital in Omaha, Neb., and there are plans to develop homes for disabled veterans in Virginia, an assisted living facility in Indianapolis, a sports medicine clinic in Colorado and other buildings.

  12. Marcellus on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    No, I’m not particularly sporty who can prescribe viagra It was repetitive, friends. Friends: it was repetitive. He’d settled on two key phrases: “Britain can do better than this” and “A race to the top”. And do you know what he did? I’ll tell you what he did. He repeated the two key phrases. He repeated the two key phrases throughout the speech. Again and again – and again and again. Friends: that’s what Ed Miliband did.
    how many hours does cialis work Meanwhile, the state Democratic Party, controlled by Cuomo, sent out a fund-raising letter of its own Sunday criticizing the Senate Republicans for engaging in its own war on women by blocking the provision to strengthen abortion rights — linking them to the recent abortion battle in Texas.
    saponins side effects Markets had expected the Fed to announce in September thatit would cut its bond purchases. When that did not happen, forecasts switched to December, and now many anticipate noaction until next year.
    prostanew side effects “At this time of my life, I don’t wish to have Lee’s ring in my possession because I want to let go of my past that is connecting with Nov. 22, 1963,” she wrote, according to CBS’s website.
    diclofenac 25 mg bestellen Her toothy smile, large eyeglasses, double chin, and lumpy hairstyle give the unidentified subject of this portrait an air of frumpiness that became quite fashionable among women of a certain age in the UK following the unexpected success in April, 2009 of “Britain’s Got Talent” contestant Susan Boyle.

  13. Reyes on Wednesday October 16th, 2019

    I work for a publishers indian viagra price in india We are encouraged to enter a prize draw to win £2,000 worth of gadgets. This despite the fact that an audience of tech journalists and gadget PRs are literally the world’s least deserving recipients of this prize.
    everyday cialis reviews A last-minute addition to the ABC, and possibly the most contentious, is ‘iPaddy’, related to M for Meltdown, which occurs when the iPad is taken away, as illustrated by the little girl with a heart-shaped hairclip, crying with rage while clutching the beloved gadget. ‘The iPad creates an absolute addiction, a nightmare, it’s like kiddie crack,’ Rickett laments.
    cost of manforce 50 ROME, Oct 21 (Reuters) – Italy’s three main trade unionconfederations will hold rolling strikes and protests againstthe government’s 2014 budget plan, they said on Monday, pilingmore pressure on Enrico Letta’s fragile coalition.
    isotretinoin accutane diary
    Six games into the 2013 season, the Buckeyes have barely broken a sweat and they won’t break another one until they go to Ann Arbor, Mich. Their schedule might be what keeps them from playing in the final BCS National Championship, depending on how everything else shakes out.
    cymbalta desconto laboratorio Meanwhile, a group of eight Republican senators led by Georgia’s Johnny Isakson held their second meeting in as many days with White House Chief of Staff Denis McDonough in an effort to find a path forward on the budget.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

1