(AmE) jail , prison and lockup are no synonyms

  • By Koop Tissingh

In Amerika zijn jail , prison en lockup geen synoniemen
(AmE) jail betreft een detentie-inrichting voor (1) gearresteerden die in afwachting zijn van hun berechting (a presentence facility), en (2) voor hen die wegens een minder ernstig feit (misdemeanor) zijn veroordeeld (kortgestraften, meestal tot maximaal 2 jaar cel).

Afhankelijk van de context moet (AmE) ‘jail’ dus vertaald worden als
(1) ‘huis van bewaring’
(2) ‘gevangenis’ (voor kort gestraften/plegers van misdrijven)

(AmE) prison (ook: penitentiary, pen) is een gevangenis voor hen die tot een langere gevangenisstraf (meestal vanaf 2 jaar) zijn veroordeeld wegens een zwaarder vergrijp/misdaad ( ‘felony’).

(AmE) lockup = arrestantencel, politiecel. Het betreft een cel (holding cell) die kan worden gebruikt omdat er tijdelijk geen mogelijkheid is om een arrestant naar een ‘jail’ over te brengen.

Zinnen die lastig vertaalbaar zijn
Because of his DWI, they’d send him to jail this time. Since the boy had been injured and he’d fled the scene of the accident, he could easily be facing prison in lieu of a jail sentence.  (Nancy Taylor Rosenberg, Buried Evidence, chapter 5)
Stealing a bottle of milk would be classified as a misdemeanor theft, and people don’t go to prison for theft. They can go to jail, but they can’t be sentenced to prison. (Nancy Taylor Rosenberg, Buried Evidence, chapter 21)
In jail he could survive, but not in prison. He knew what would happen to him there. (Nancy Taylor Rosenberg, Mitigating Circumstances, chapter 2)
“The cops arrested him for single possession, but he had enough coke on him to classify it as possession for sale. Your brother’s facing a prison sentence, not a jail sentence.” (Nancy Taylor Rosenberg, Trial by Fire, chapter  9)

Tot slot het Britse ‘gaol’
(BrE) gaol/jail geldt  als synoniem van (BrE) prison. De voorkeurspelling is ‘jail’. De spelling  ‘gaol’ beperkt zich voornamelijk tot juridische geschriften en wetboeken.

Zie ook de notes bij de terminologielijsten (law, note 32)


  1. Oscar on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I’d like to change some money viagra online lloyds pharmacy Hill, who appeared on Match of the Day from 1973 to 1998, gave joint powers of attorney to his current wife and a solicitor in 2005, when he was still in good health. As a result, none of his children has any say in his future affairs or his treatment.

  2. Ellsworth on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    This site is crazy 🙂 safe place to buy viagra online uk “The thing with zombies,” filmmaker John Landis recently told the website Zap2it, “is that I really believe they’re so popular because they represent anarchy, the loss of control and the collapse of society.”

  3. Haywood on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I’m in my first year at university retisol a tretinoin cream “We don’t need to spend the next two years beating each other up in the conservative tent

  4. Kristopher on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    i’m fine good work how to wean off 150 mg wellbutrin xl No one does risque quite like Rihanna, who covered herself with a few well-placed crystals and called it a bikini for a day of partying at the Crop Over Festival in Barbados on Aug. 5, 2013. In true RiRi fashion, the “Diamonds” singer paired her bejeweled outfit with feathers, fishnets and plenty of body glitter. Is this Rihanna’s most outrageous look yet? We’ll let you be the judge …

  5. Genaro on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I saw your advert in the paper tadalis sx 20 nebenwirkungen The two cast members of “The Real Housewives of New Jersey” were indicted in U.S. District Court in New Jersey on a total of 39 charges, including bankruptcy fraud, making false statements on loan applications, bank fraud and conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud, according to court filings.

  6. Deandre on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    How would you like the money? private prescription viagra charges Mr. Stephen (Steve) B. Burke is Independent Director of JP Morgan Chase & Co. Mr. Burke has been Chief Executive Officer of NBCUniversal, LLC and Executive Vice President of Comcast Corporation since January 2011. He had been Chief Operating Officer of Comcast Corporation, one of the nation’s providers of entertainment, information and communication products and services, from 2004 until 2011, and was President of Comcast Cable Communications, Inc. from 1998 until January 2010. Before joining Comcast, he served with The Walt Disney Company as President of ABC Broadcasting. Mr. Burke joined The Walt Disney Company in January 1986, where he helped to develop and found The Disney Store and helped to lead a comprehensive restructuring effort of Euro Disney S.A. Mr. Burke is a director of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. (since 2009). Mr. Burke graduated from Colgate University in 1980 and received an MBA from Harvard Business School in 1982. He is Chairman of The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.

  7. MatthTjusaw on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Cheers! Quite a lot of forum posts!
    online pharmacies canadian pharmacies aarp approved canadian online pharmacies canadian pharmacy
    r44aruc k65aaf x11wsys c83kbs z15asg9 w32hfv 7e5cc89

  8. Gerald on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I’m a trainee buy propecia 1mg australia Hezbollah forces have been involved in Syria’s 2-year-old civil war for awhile now, backing the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and proving to be an invaluable asset on the front lines in the fight against the rebels.

  9. Mathew on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I’m in a band stromectol buy online uk At this point, Wrice has spent more time behind bars than outside of them. “He is a broken man,” Bonjean said. “No amount of money could ever make him whole again. His life was destroyed.”   

  10. Stephanie on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    What are the hours of work? furosemide 40 mg buy online uk Some conservative and free-market groups have opposed Binz,citing comments that, among other things, natural gas is a “deadend” energy source, and saying Binz would orchestrate a push forrenewable energy sources like wind over coal and natural gas.

  11. Albert on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Recorded Delivery elimite cream scabies over counter The Kremlin has since incorporated anti-American sentiment as a key component of its domestic political strategy. Especially since Putin’s re-election last year, it has trumpeted its view that Russia’s identity and proper place in the world is separate from the West and at odds with its liberal values.

  12. Kristofer on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Is this a temporary or permanent position? how to take viagra for best results The word news most often conjures up visions of U.S. troops in Afghanistan, the troubled global economy, a political crisis in Washington, erupting volcanoes and devastating earthquakes. But as we all know, there is far more to news than that. Indeed, it’s often the wacky, weird, offbeat and sometimes off-color stories that can most intrigue and fascinate us. Those stories can range from changing astrological signs to lost pyramids in Egypt but in their essence they all cast new light on the shared human condition in all of its wild diversity.

  13. Danilo on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Your account’s overdrawn 5 permethrin cream walgreens Now that he is relatively safe, Snowden’s family are, not surprisingly, relieved. His father, Lonnie Snowden spoke on US television, and was grateful to both the Russian Premier and his son’s Russian lawyer….

  14. Noble on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Could I take your name and number, please? motrin 600 mgs But don’t expect beer-flavored ice cream anytime soon. The company is officially unaffiliated with the Pottsville, Pa.-based brewery that shares its name. However, they still have family ties. David Yuengling’s is the second cousin of current brewery president Dick Yuengling.

  15. Luis on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    What do you do for a living? why are they taking motrin off the shelves Although the legislation introduces regulation to an areathat has until now thrived beyond such scrutiny, it will chieflyrely on countries and their national authorities, in London andelsewhere, for enforcement.

  16. Randy on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Could I have an application form? where to purchase cialis online It was a sharp and unexpected reversal for a bank that has pushed aggressively into the sector since 2008, when it first inherited a host of power trading assets through its acquisition of Bear Stearns during the financial crisis.

  17. Nevaeh on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Who’s calling? antibiotics keflex 500mg None of Pakistan’s intelligence agencies, the commission stated, “has ever been subjected to proper accountability procedures. It is a law of nature that under such circumstances, institutions degenerate and progressively lose competence. This has happened in Pakistan. This will need to be addressed if the political leadership can summon the will to do so.”

  18. Roman on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I’m training to be an engineer para que es la pastilla ciprofloxacino Since joining the group in 1997 Jacobs has steered Vuitton’s growth into a global luxury brand which generates nearly 7 billion euros ($9.46 billion) of revenues a year and more than half of parent LVMH’s operating profits.

  19. Lavern on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Where are you from? proscar finasteride review The cost of failure could be far-reaching. Just as securing the Games for Sochi in 2007 was seen in Russia more as a personal victory for Putin than a national triumph, a disappointing Games would be seen as a personal defeat.

  20. Gayle on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    About a year buy mobic 15mg To encourage companies to consider new ways of hiring and training employees, Blivin launched the Hire Awards, a competition to encourage employers to address their own challenges, create a bigger and better talent pool, and provide new opportunities for job seekers. (The competition was created in conjunction with U.S. news & World Report.)

  21. Johnathon on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Punk not dead viagra canada fast shipping As someone who has lived in Singapore all my life, haze is not unusual, it is somewhat a seasonal event that I have become used to. But last Monday was different, I woke up to a slightly smokey smell in the air and the view outside my apartment was more hazy than usual. Immediately, I checked Facebook to see what my friends working in the city were experiencing. Many posted pictures of a very hazy skyline from the view in their office and remarked that even the air in the subway and malls smelled of smoke.

  22. Guillermo on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    How would you like the money? effexor off label uses “As website glitches persist, we are losing valuable time to educate and enroll people in insurance plans. I also fear that people that have tried, and failed, to enroll online may become frustrated and not return to the website to try again at a later date,” Shaheen wrote in a letter to the president Tuesday. “Allowing extra time for consumers is critically important so they have the opportunity to become familiar with the website, survey their options and enroll.”

  23. Carey on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Who do you work for? nizagara long last Japan’s nuclear agency has decided a recent radioactive water leak at the Fukushima nuclear power plant should be considered a level three incident — making it the most serious incident since the reactor meltdown after the massive 2011 earthquake and tsunami. Originally, leaks of contaminated water from the plant were only classified as a level one incident.

  24. Rickey on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Can you put it on the scales, please? buy lexapro 10 mg online Similar illnesses in 20 other states were never definitively linked to the farm, and officials say they do not know why the number of illnesses is still growing in some other states, including Texas, which has seen more than 280 sickened. The CDC says it has found evidence that many of those sickened in Texas ate at the same restaurant, but that it does not “show a connection” to salad mix produced at Taylor Farms. The CDC would not identify the restaurant, and officials say it is possible that there are multiple outbreaks.

  25. Jackie on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    good material thanks can buy viagra bali Universal, which has filed a defamation suit in Tokyoagainst Reuters for its reporting on payments related to its $2billion casino project in Manila, declined to comment. Tokudaalso declined to comment.

  26. Eugene on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Go travelling diflucan zithromax interaction Perry, who has now found love again with fellow singer John Mayer, added that during the split she might have carried an outward sense of confidence and self-identity, but not the “inner kind.”

  27. Edison on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I work for a publishers cost of cipralex in uk Age UK director general Michelle Mitchell said: “It is positive news that more than a third of people aged 65 and over use the internet on a daily basis as the internet can offer a myriad of benefits. However, we know that there are still millions of older people, particularly those aged 75 and over, who have never used the internet.

  28. Nolan on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I’m a partner in risperidone microspheres im Defensively, my mindset is I’m going to lockdown every single possession. Now it just has to translate to ‘Hey, I’m going to be aggressive every single possession no matter what the game is (dictating).’ It’s really all a mindset. If I can be creative defensively with my athleticism, there’s no reason I can’t do it offensively either. It’s been in my head that I have to change.”

  29. Rocco on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I have my own business off brand of clomid “Hunger Games” actress Elizabeth Banks also used a surrogate to carry her baby boy Felix after years of trying to conceive with husband Max Handelman and experiencing what she called “broken belly.” But she didn’t share the news until after her newborn baby had arrived, tweeting to her followers: “What’s greater than overjoyed? Megajoyed? Add humility, love, awe. Sprinkle w cute. Result: my new life as a mom.”

  30. Emile on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Do you have any exams coming up? viafem canada
    I have just got a new ID card issued in June this year and the card saysאזרחות ישראלית ( Israeli citizenship ) and there is nothing about Jewishanywhere. Many years ago ID cards did say Jewish rather than Israelibut not anymore. Either there is no uniformity in what cards say, thisis an old case or this guy has an old card.

  31. Avery on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Sorry, you must have the wrong number nolvadex gynecomastia The imminent deal was initially reported by the Wall StreetJournal late on Thursday. The WSJ also said Samsung is close tosigning a smaller order for its devices with the U.S. Navy,citing people familiar with the matter.

  32. Timothy on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    How do you spell that? average cost of biaxin Throughout his first term, whenever Obama met with a setback, he blamed it on President Bush. In his second term, he has blamed House Republicans. Isn’t it time to drop this tiresome act and accept blame for himself?

  33. Renaldo on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Would you like a receipt? colchicine weight loss This reality contradicts those who keep recycling the line about how Ryan will win more press conferences than his team will win games.

  34. Clint on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Sorry, you must have the wrong number tetracycline mechanism of action video Global drug revenue jumped almost 10 percent to $7.04billion, repeating the strong performance seen in the priorquarter, on soaring sales of its Simponi and Remicade treatmentsfor rheumatoid arthritis, Stelara for psoriasis, its Zytiga drugfor prostate cancer and other medicines.

  35. Lowell on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I can’t get a signal cymbalta 40 mg reviews Jagdesh Dasari, a local leader in the fishing village of Mogadhalupadu near where the storm struck said police had to order villagers to leave mud and thatch huts for a school building as night fell. Similar hold-outs were reported along the poor coast, where people were afraid of losing belongings.

  36. Michale on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I’m only getting an answering machine have they taken tylenol off the market Acquisition financing is often structured where banks willprovide the acquirer with short-term loans to provide a bridgebetween making a bid on an asset and then putting permanentfinancing in place in the form of bonds and term loans.

  37. Davis on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Do you know the number for ? can u get high off motrin Vancouver because it’s on the doorstep of all the outdoorsy stuff I like doing. I went for the first time about 20 years ago when I played for Chelsea. We were there to play the Vancouver Whitecaps. Afterwards I did a trip with the boys. We went right up into the mountains and came white-water rafting down. It was fantastic.

  38. Annaexoli on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    [url=http://amoxicillinz.com/]amoxicillin 500[/url] [url=http://buspar.us.com/]buy buspar[/url] [url=http://xenical24.com/]xenical orlistat[/url] [url=http://furosemidelasix.com/]buy furosemide online[/url] [url=http://dapoxetinetabs.com/]order dapoxetine online india[/url] [url=http://chloroquine.us.com/]buy chloroquine[/url] [url=http://sildenafil36.com/]buy sildenafil 20 mg online[/url]

  39. Mishel on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Get a job viagra spray price in india If there’s one place to shed your good girl image, it’s definitely on the pages of Maxim magazine. “Breaking Amish” star Kate Stoltzfus smolders in Maxim’s July 2013 issue. Stoltzfus is an aspiring model who has been pursuing her dream career on the reality TV show. Her short shorts and crop tops for the shoot are a big change from her usual covered up Amish garb. Stoltzfus told Maxim that she did a “test shoot” to see if she photographed well before signing a contract with a modeling agency. The very first outfit they put her into was a bathing suit. “I have to admit it was a little intimidating, but now I enjoy doing it,” said Stoltzfus.

  40. Rodrick on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Best Site Good Work cialis in delhi That’s when Parmitano remembered his safety cable. He used the cable recoil mechanism, and its 3 pounds of force, to “pull” him back to the hatch. On the way back, he pondered what he would do if water reached his mouth. The only idea he came up with, he said, was to open the safety valve on his helmet and let out some of the water.

  41. Patrick on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Go travelling vibramycin 100mg “We have never banned handshaking,” Tackett said. “What we did do was tell our schools if you can’t properly supervise them, you shouldn’t do them. That’s the bottom line. It’s a reiteration of common sense.”

  42. Raphael on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I’m a member of a gym prozac uk side effects On the penultimate day of his trip to Brazil, Francis delivered a long address to the country’s bishops in which he suggested elements of what could become a blueprint for stopping what he called an “exodus.”

  43. Frank on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I quite like cooking what is the prescription drug flagyl used for Industry analyst Brad Hintz of Bernstein Research sees banksfighting “a war of attrition over the next three to fiveyears,” in their fixed-income trading businesses, he wrote in areport in September.

  44. Micah on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    We went to university together orlistate 120mg 60 cpsulas Though the project is not even at the script stage yet, the network greenlit “Sharknado 2” based on the social media whirlwind the original made-for-TV film inspired and the premise of dumping big fish on the Big Apple.

  45. Garrett on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    How many are there in a book? suhagra 100 kaufen While Rodriguez could theoretically appeal such a suspension within 30 days, Selig himself would be the one to review the appeal in a hearing and “render a written decision as soon as practicable” afterward. All told, that process could potentially keep Rodriguez off the field deep into September.

  46. Amado on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I’ve only just arrived buy cheap risperidone “There is a real sense of survival,” agrees Temple. “In the midst of this bankruptcy, there is an influx of artists, young people and musicians from other parts of America coming to the city.”

  47. Rosario on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    Good crew it’s cool 🙂 how to get rid of effexor weight gain Obama said there were enough Republicans willing to pass a spending bill immediately if House Speaker John Boehner would allow a vote, but that the speaker was refusing to do so because “he doesn’t want to anger the extremists in his party.”

  48. Donald on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    How do you do? fosamax femur fracture trial update
    Teams of hospital doctors, community nurses and social care workers in Northumberland now work in partnership to deliver a truly seamless service for patients, with Northumbria Healthcare providing all hospital, community and adult social care – something which usually falls under the responsibility of local authorities.

  49. Duane on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    I’m a member of a gym price of diflucan The orchestra was assembled in just two days, according to a violinist who spoke on condition of anonymity after signing two nondisclosure agreements about the primo gig. That left them little time to master the songs selected by West to set the mood: His own “Knock You Down” and Kim’s favorite — Lana Del Rey’s “Young and Beautiful.”

  50. Roscoe on Tuesday July 14th, 2020

    How many weeks’ holiday a year are there? notice d’utilisation viagra Munyenyezi’s sister was convicted last summer in Boston on charges of fraudulently obtaining a visa to enter the United States by lying about her own Hutu political party affiliations. Prudence Kantengwa also was convicted of perjury and obstruction of justice related to her immigration court testimony. She was sentenced to 21 months in federal prison.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

1